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Aug 24
Wednesday
Dharma Teachings
Longevity Supplication

In our ongoing series on the Shambhala chants, we consider a supplication for the longevity of Sakyong Mipham Rinpoche

by Russell Rodgers

taiwan-1117008__340As with other longevity chants, this one is all about the power of devotion. For genuine gurus, it is the devotion of their students that prolongs their life. Because they are bodhisattvas, they exist to serve, and since they don’t have ordinary ego-based survival instincts, their lives could be shortened if students don’t have devotion.

Longevity supplications are also a way to stimulate a continuing awareness of the guru principle in general, and the “outer” and “inner” guru principles in particular. The outer guru is the one we see and study with. Because we initially find it easier to recognize enlightened mind in someone else, the outer guru’s example makes it easier to later recognize the “inner” guru in ourselves. What we are talking about here is a spacious, warm, awake, and aware quality that normally exists unnoticed in the background of our daily experience. It is this quality that devotion to the outer guru gradually helps to bring to the foreground of our experience as we travel on the path.

Longevity chants can often seem “over the top” with superlatives about the guru. This one is no exception. We praise the guru’s limitless good qualities, and ask him to stay around teaching us for eons. We aspire for him to accomplish unbounded buddha activity. There is a reason for this limitless quality. Essentially, what we are talking about is buddha nature—our own and the guru’s. Buddha nature is connected with emptiness, which includes emptiness of limits. Individual appearances that come into our awareness are temporary and dependent on conditions, but the mind itself is like a vast emptiness from which anything can arise. Buddha nature is connected with the intelligent, awake, and aware quality of mind at that level. So what we are praising is buddha nature’s limitless potential, first in the guru and by implication in ourselves and other sentient beings.

Buddha Amitayus

Buddha Amitayus

The chant opens with the words “OM SVASTI.” Svasti could be translated as “good,” “auspicious,” or “wonderful.” So the opening words could mean something like “Ah, wonderful.” The next lines invoke the blessings of deathless Amitāyus. Amitāyus is the buddha of the western pure land, Sukhāvatī. Prior to becoming a buddha, Amitāyus is said to have vowed to create an ideal place for practice and awakening, one that could be easily reached by ordinary people, through the power of aspiration. He is connected with the padma energy of warmth and compassion. Amitāyus is frequently called on in the context of longevity practices, or when we make aspirations for a recently deceased person to be reborn in his pure land.

The following lines in the chant praise the Sakyong’s role as a lineage holder of three great teaching streams: that of Padmasambhava, Mipham the Great, and the Shambhala lineage.The first line in the body of the chant invokes power of the truth of the long-life vidyādhara Padmākara, his consort, and so forth. Padmākara is another name for Padmasambhava, who was instrumental in establishing Buddhism in Tibet. Tibetans revere this eighth century master as the ultimate rinpoche, or “Guru Rinpoche.” Padmasambhava had several consorts, so it’s not clear which one is being called upon here. We can guess that it might be Yeshe Tsogyal, the most well known to us.

Padmasambhava

Padmasambhava

Besides invoking Padmasambhava’s blessings and that of his consort, the chant also invokes the blessings of the assembly of “those who have attained deathlessness.” Attaining deathlessness is one of the four attainments of a yogin who reaches the level of vidyādhara. Deathlessness could be understood literally:  that Padmasambhava and the vidyādharas are still alive, just not visible to ordinary people. Or, it could be understood in the sense that the essence of their minds, like space, cannot be destroyed.

The following lines contain some traditional Tibetan word play. The Tibetan writer of a longevity supplication, in this case the Sakyong’s father-in-law, Namka Drimed Rabjam Rinpoche, will often find a way to incorporate a word whose meaning somehow connects back to the name of the person we are supplicating to live a long life. In this case, the words with double meanings are italicized. “Ruler of the three worlds, protector who guards our well-being….” The three worlds could refer to realms above, on, and below the surface of the earth, or the phrase could refer to the realm that we occupy, plus the form and formless god realms. In any case, the italicized words “….worlds, protector…..” relate to the title “Sakyong.” “Sa” means “world” or “earth,” and “kyong” means “protector.”

The next lines refer to the Sakyong as dharma king, heir of the Rigden kings. He is responsible for propagating the Buddhist dharma, and also the shambhala tradition of secular enlightenment. The term rigden means “holder of the family.” The term rigden can refer to a cosmic principle of wakefulness that exists as a potential to manifest in human society. It can also refer specifically to the twenty-five enlightened kings who are said to have ruled in succession in the legendary kingdom of Shambhala.

The chant further praises the Sakyong as the compassionate display of the three secrets. The three secrets refer to vajra body, vajra speech, and vajra mind. Vajra body refers to the world of forms. Vajra speech is the sense of communication beyond words. Vajra mind is the empty but wakeful and aware mind. They are “secret” because they are not apparent to conventional mind. “Vajra” means “indestructible.” The indestructible quality is the empty aspect. Emptiness cannot be destroyed, just as space cannot be destroyed. One could also relate vajra body, speech, and mind to basic goodness: at a certain level of nowness, all projections drop away and anything that happens has a quality of self existing primordial goodness, beyond conventional designations of good and bad.

Five forms of Manjushri

Five forms of Manjushri

Further word play happens with the lines that characterize the Sakyong as the manifestation “of lord Mipham who was Manjushri in person….” The word Mipham is italicized because the chant’s author has cited the Sakyong’s previous incarnation, Mipham the Great, while at the same time managing to include another reference to the Sakyong’s own name: Sakyong Mipham Rinpoche. The historical Mipham referred to here lived from 1846 to 1912. That Mipham was famous for his scholarship and tremendous written output. Therefore he is identified with Manjushri, a deity who symbolizes enlightened intelligence and knowledge.

The next line refers to the Sakyong as a subjugator of maras. Maras are seductive forces or tendencies that tend to degrade us. There are four of these: denial of impermanence and death, belief in a self, the wish to ignore suffering and dwell exclusively in pleasure, and attraction to emotional upheavals (kleshas). With respect to the latter, even though we dislike emotional upheavals, we still engage in them again and again. That engagement reinforces a familiar and perversely comforting sense of self-against-the-world.

“Friend who raises the victory banner of the teachings of the great secret, lord messenger of Padma, may you ever remain.” The great secret refers to the vajrayana teachings. They are secret in an outer sense because key aspects of these teachings are only available through a qualified teacher to a qualified student. They are secret in an inner sense because one has to be ready in order to understand them. He is called the lord messenger of Padma, meaning that the Sakyong brings the tradition of Padmasambhava into this world.

In the final four lines we acknowledge the limitless possibilities of buddha nature and aspire that the Sakyong continue to embody these. “May your three secrets be indestructible like a vajra…” His three secrets are his vajra body, speech, and mind. “May your lotus feet stand firm for oceans of kalpas….” We also ask that he live a very long time, in fact for oceans of kalpas. “Kalpas” could be translated as eons. “May your vast buddha activity spread throughout the whole world…” We aspire that his vast buddha activity spread auspicious benefit and happiness throughout the whole world. “And may the splendor of auspicious benefit and happiness blaze throughout Jambudvipa.” Jambudvipa is the ancient Indian term for the land where dharma is available to human beings.

Legend has it that when the Buddha showed signs of aging, his disciples missed the appropriate time to ask him to prolong his life. Only later, when he was actually dying, did they remember to ask him. However, at that time Buddha told them that their motivation was not pure enough: the students just wanted to avoid losing his company for their own sakes. If he acceded to their request it would be bad for the sangha in the future. In this supplication we are trying not to repeat that mistake.


For a Spanish-language translation of this essay, click here.

Este artículo en español se encuentra aquí.


Russell RodgersRussell Rodgers has been wondering about this kind of topic for the 39 years that he has been practicing. He resides in the Kootenay mountains of British Columbia, in the town of Nelson, and has graciously agreed to allow publication of his beautiful essays on the Shambhala chants here in the Times.

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7 responses to “ Longevity Supplication ”
  1. Peggy Kass
    Sep 17, 2016
    Reply

    I don’t know if it matters but I mistakenly submitted a defunct email address so I have corrected that with this add on.

  2. Peggy Kass
    Sep 17, 2016
    Reply

    Thank you, Russell for these articles on our chants. I found them while searching for a list of Protector Chants. I would still like to find that, but these explanations are very helpful. In the vision of the GES!

  3. really helpful and interesting

  4. Seann Tayler
    Aug 27, 2016
    Reply

    Thanks, again, Russell.

  5. Paul Gerstmayr
    Aug 26, 2016
    Reply

    Thank you! :)

    A note on Padmasambhava’s consort – the combined mention of deathlessness, Amitayus, and long-life vidyadhara seems to point to Mandarava and their retreat at Maratika cave = the accomplishment of the second vidyadhara level.

  6. Roger- this is wonderful. So clear and incredibly helpful. Thank you!

  7. Irene Woodard
    Aug 25, 2016
    Reply

    Thank you! RR!
    May you continue to illuminate, with such clarity!


Sorry, comments for this entry are closed at this time.



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